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general kowledge 2023 arihant | Current Affair | National

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general kowledge 2023 arihant | Current Affair | National



Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Union Budget 2022-23 on February 1, 2022. With a focus on four pillars of development - inclusive development, Productivity enhancement, energy transition and Climate Action.

This Budget 2022-23 gives a blueprint of economy from India at 75 to India at 100 (Amrit Kaal).


  • Budget Estimates of ₹ 39.45 lakh crore total expenditure in 2022-23 in Budget. Budget Estimates 2021-22 was ₹ 34.83 lakh crore and Revised Estimates 2021-22 is ₹ 37.70 lakh crore.
  • Outlay for capital expenditure stepped up sharply by 35.4% to ₹ 7.50 lakh crore in 2022-23 from ₹ 5.54 lakh crore in the current year (2021-22).
  • lndia's real GDP is estimated to grow by 9.2% in 2021-22, as compared to a contraction of 7.3% in 2020-21.
  • The Fiscal Deficit in 2022-23 is estimated at 6.4% of GDP.
  • In 2020-21 (as per 4th Advance Estimates), total food grain production in the country is estimated at 308.7 million tonnes which is higher by 11.1 million tonnes than the production of food grain of 297.5 million tonnes during 2019-20.
  • Both Centre and States government employees' tax deduction limit to be increased from 10% to 14% to help the social security benefits of state government employees.
  • For the taxation of virtual digital assets, the budget provides that any income from transfer of any virtual digital asset shall be taxed at the rate of 30%.
  • 100% of 1.5 lakh post offices to come on the core banking system and Scheduled Commercial Banks to set up 75 Digital Banking Units (DBUs) in 75 districts.
  • Digital rupee to be issued using block chain and other technologies and will be issued by RBI starting 2022-23. This will give big boost to the economy.
  • Introducing new Updated return on payment of additional tax and Can be filed within two years from the end of the relevant assessment year.
  • Surcharge on cooperative societies reduced from 12% to 7% for those having total income of more than ₹ 1 crore and up to ₹ 10 crore.
  • No changes in tax slab and Payment of annuity and lump sum amount from insurance scheme to be allowed to differently abled dependent during the lifetime of parents/guardians, i.e., on parents/guardian attaining the age of 60 years.
  • Public issue of Life Insurance Corporation expected shortly and 5G spectrum auctions to be conducted in 2022.


  • 60 lakh new jobs to be created under the Productivity Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme in 14 sectors.
  • One class-One TV channel programme of PM eVIDYA to be expanded to 200 TV channels.
  • Udyam, e-shram, NCS and ASEEM portals to be interlinked.
  • Guarantee cover under ECLGS to be expanded by ₹ 50000 crore to total cover of ₹ 5 lakh crore.
  • National Highways Network to be expanded by 25000 km in 2022-23 under Gatishakti Master Plan.
  • 400 new generation Vande Bharat Trains to be manufactured during the next three years.
  • National Ropeways Development Program, Parvatmala to be taken up on PPP mode and Contracts to be awarded in 2022-23 for 8 ropeway projects of 60 km length.
  • Digital University for world-class quality universal education with personalised learning experience to be established.
  • National Tele Mental Health Programme for quality mental health counselling and care services to be launched.
  • Two lakh anganwadis to be upgraded to Saksham Anganwadis.
  • ₹ 60000 crore allocated to cover 3.8 crore households under Har Ghar, Nal se Jal and ₹ 48000 crore allocated for completion of 80 lakh houses under PM Awas Yojana in 2022-23.
  • Special Economic Zones Act to be replaced with a new legislation to enable States to become partners in Development of Enterprise and Service Hubs.


Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Economic Survey 2021-22 in the Parliament on January 31, 2022. A Central theme of a survey in amidst pandemic has been Agile Approach.


  • The survey estimate nominal GDP growth of 8-8.5% and real GDP growth of 9.2% in 2022-23.
  • Agriculture and Allied Sectors are expected to grow by 3.9%, industry by 11.8% and the services sector by 8.2% in 2021-22.
  • The Agriculture sector experienced buoyant growth in past two years, accounting for a sizeable 18.8% (2021-22) in Gross Value Added (GVA) of the country registering a growth of 3.6% in 2020-21 and 3.9% in 2021-22.
  • Food inflation averaged at a low of 2.9% in 2021-22 (April to December).
  • Capital expenditure for the Indian railways has increased to ₹ 155181 crore in 2020-21 from an average annual of ₹ 45980 crore during 2009-14.
  • The extent of road construction per day increased substantially in 2020-21 to 36.5 km per day from 28 km per day in 2019-20 - a rise of 30.4%.
  • The number of new recognized start-ups increased to over 14000 in 2021-22 from 733 in 2016-17.
  • 44 Indian start-ups have achieved unicorn status in 2021.
  • With the enhanced borrowings on account of COVID-19, the Central Government debt has gone up from 49.1% of GDP in 2019-20 to 59.3% of GDP in 2020-21..
  • As of end-November 2021, India was the fourth-largest forex reserves holder in the world after China, Japan and Switzerland.
  • As per the National Family Health Survey-5 : Total Fertility Rate (TFR) came down to 2 in 2019-21 from 2.2 in 2015-16; Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), under-5 mortality rate and institutional births have improved in 2019-21 over the year 2015-16.

73rd Republic Day Celebrations

India celebrated its 73rd Republic Day on January 26, 2022. The occasion was marked by a grand military parade at Rajpath (Delhi), showcasing the country's history, cultural diversity and strategic weapons. The biggest highlight of this year's parade was, the flypast of 75 aircrafts and helicopters as India celebrates the 'Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav-75 Years of Independence'.

A mega drone show of 1000 drones dazzled the skies on January 29 during the 'Beating the Retreat' ceremony at Vijay Chowk in the national capital as part of Republic Day celebrations 2022.

India became the fourth country in the world after Britain, Russia and China to dazzle 1000 drones in the sky during the Beating Retreat ceremony.

Culture Ministry Organised Rangoli Utsav 'Umang'

Ministry of Culture organised Rangoli Utsav 'Umang' to celebrate National Girl Child Day under Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav on January 24, 2022. Rangoli decorations at more than 70 locations were done to celebrate the contributions of women to the journey of a progressive India@75.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's Hologram Statue Installed

PM Narendra Modi has unveiled a hologram statue of iconic freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose at India Gate, New Delhi on January 23, 2022. The Netaji statue will be 28 feet by 6 feet and will stand at the spot that once featured a statue of England's King George V that was removed and shifted in 1968.

District Good Governance Index Released

Union Home Minister Amit Shah has released first District Good Governance

Index for 20 Districts of UT of Jammu and Kashmir on January 22, 2022. The top 5 districts in the District Good Governance Index are Jammu, Doda, Samba, Pulwama and Srinagar.

Amar Jawan Jyoti Eternal Flame Merged with National War Memorial Flame

The government of India has merged the Amar Jawan Jyoti flame at India Gate with the flame at the newly constructed National War Memorial in the same complex on January 21, 2022. The ceremony was led by the Integrated Defence Staff chief, Air Marshal Balabhadra Radha Krishna.

PM Modi Inaugurates Launch of 'Azadi Ke Amrit Mahotsav se Swarnim Bharat Ki Ore'

PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the launch of 'Azadi Ke Amrit Mahotsav se Swarnim Bharat Ki Ore' via video conferencing on January 20, 2022. The program unveiled yearlong initiatives dedicated to Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav by the Brahma Kumaris, which include more than 30 campaigns and over 15000 programs and events.

PM will Deliver 'State of the World' Address at WEF's Davos Agenda

PM Narendra Modi will deliver a 'State of the World' special address at the World Economic Forum's virtual summit 'Davos Agenda' on January 17, 2022. WEF Davos Agenda event is being held in virtual mode, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, from January 17 to 21, 2022 on the theme of The State of the World.

January 16 Declared as National Startup Day

PM Narendra Modi declared that January 16 will be celebrated as 'National Startup Day', while interacting with over 150 startups on January 15, 2022. The interaction was part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, 'Celebrating Innovation Ecosystem,' a week-long event hosted by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

India State of Forest Report 2021

The Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) released the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2021 on January 14, 2022. India's forest cover is now 713789 square kilometres, 21.71% of the country's geographical area, an increase from 21.67% in 2019.

PM Modi Inaugurated MSME Technology Centre

PM Narendra Modi inaugurated a Technology Centre of the MSME Ministry, established at Puducherry, on the occasion of National Youth Day on January 12, 2022. The technology centre was built at a cost of ₹ 122 crore with a focus on the Electronic System Design and Manufacturing Sector.

16th India Digital Summit 2022

Union Minister of Commerce & Industry Piyush Goyal addressed the 16th edition of India Digital Summit, 2022 through a video conference on January 11-12, 2022. The two-day virtual event was organised by the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) with the theme 'Supercharging Startups'.

December 26 will be Observed as 'Veer Baal Diwas'

PM Narendra Modi has declared that 26 December will be observed as 'Veer Baal Diwas' annually starting from the year 2022; on January 9, 2022. The day will be commemorated as a tribute to the courage of the 4 Sahibzades (the four sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji), who attained martyrdom in the 17th century.

National Health Mission Launched Project 'Niramay'

National Health Mission (NHM), Assam in collaboration with Piramal Swasthya, a non-profit organisation, and Cisco launched a pilot project 'Niramay' to digitise the public healthcare delivery int Assam on January 8, 2022.

The project aims to strengthen the health system at the grassroots level and improve the quality of healthcare along with healthcare delivery.

24th Conference on e-Governance 2020-21

Union Minister of Science and Technology, Dr. Jitendra Singh has inaugurated the 24th National Conference on e-Governance in Hyderabad, Telangana on January 7, 2022. The theme of the two-day Conference is 'India's Techade: Digital Governance in a Post Pandemic World'.

Election Dates Announced for Five States

The Election Commission of India (ECI) on January 8, 2022 announced the schedule for Assembly Elections in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Manipur and Goa. The elections will be held in seven phases from February 10 to March 7. Votes for all five Assembly. Elections will be counted on March 10.

NEAT 3.0 Launched

Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan launched NEAT 3.0, a single platform to provide the best-developed Ed-Tech solutions and courses to. students of the country on Jan. 3, 2022. 

National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) is an initiative to provide the use of best-developed technological solutions in the education sector to enhance the employability of the youth on a single platform for learners' convenience.

COVID-19 Vaccination Programme for 15-18 Years

India started its vaccination programme against COVID-19 for children from January 3, 2022. Bharat Biotech's Covaxin is the only vaccine available for children between the age of 15 and 18 years. Covaxin will be administered in two doses at a gap of 28 days.

Foundation Laid for Major Dhyan Chand Sports University

PM Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Major Dhyan Chand Sports University in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh on January 2, 2022. The University will be established at Salawa and Kaili villages on the outskirts of the Sardhana town of the district at an estimated cost of about ₹ 700 crore.

India to Chair Counter-Terrorism Committee of UNSC

India has assumed the chairmanship of the United Nations Security Council's Counter-Terrorism Committee for one year, beginning from January 1, 2022. Prior to this, India held the chairmanship of the committee in 2011-12. In addition to this, India has also voted in favour of the UNSC resolution to renew the mandate of the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate.

ARIIA Rankings 2021 Released

Ministry of Education has released Atal Rankings of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA) 2021 on December 30, 2021. IIT Madras has again emerged as the best institute under the "CFTIs, Central University, & Institute of National Importance" category followed by IIT Bombay and IIT Delhi. Among government technical universities - state run and deemed - Punjab University has been ranked number one.

First Kashi Indian International Film Festival

The first edition of the three-day Kashi Indian International Film Festival commenced in Uttar Pradesh's Varanasi on December 27, 2021.

The festival showcased glimpses of Indian classical music and dance and events on famous philosophers, poets, writers and musicians.

Good Governance Index 2021

Home Minister Amit Shah released the Good Governance Index 2021 prepared by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) on December 25, 2021.

Top Ranked States

Other States - Group A
  • Gujarat
  • Maharashtra
  • Goa.

Other States - Group B 
  • Madhya Pradesh 
  • Rajasthan
  • Chhattisgarh.

North-East and Hill States 
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Mizoram
  • Uttarakhand

Union Territories
  • Delhi

3rd India-Central Asia Dialogue Held

The 3rd meeting of the India- Central Asia Dialogue was held in New Delhi under the chairmanship of the External Affairs Minister of India, on Dec.19, 2021.

Parliament Passed NDPS Amendment Bill, 2021

The Parliament passed the Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Amendment) Bill, 2021 on December 20, 2021. It seeks to replace the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Amendment) Ordinance, 2021.

The Bill amends the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 to correct a drafting error.

India International Science Festival 2021

Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated the 7th edition of the four-day India International Science Festival (IISF) in Panaji, Goa, held from December 10 to 13, 2021.

The theme of IISF 2021 was Celebrating Creativity in Science, Technology and Innovation for Prosperous India.

Parliament Passed Elections Laws (Amendment) Bill 2021

The Elections Laws (Amendment) Bill 2021 was passed in the Parliament after getting assent from the Rajya Sabha on December 21, 2021.

This bill provides for linking of Voter ID card with Aadhaar card to prevent duplication in the electoral rolls.

Foundation Stone Laid for Ganga Expressway

Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the India's longest highway, 'the Ganga Expressway' in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh on December 18, 2021.

The six-lane 594 km long expressway will be built at a cost of about ₹ 36200 crore and will connect the Western and Eastern regions of UP.

India Re-elected to IMO Council

India has been re-elected to International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Council for the 2022-23 biennium under category B states.

The Assembly of the International Maritime Organisation has elected the Members of its Council for the 2022-23 biennium.

Durga Puja In UNESCO's 'Intangible Cultural Heritage' list

The UNESCO has added Kolkata's Durga Puja festival to its 'Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity' on December 15, 2021.

It is the first festival in Asia to achieve recognition as UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. In total, 14 Intangible Cultural Heritage elements from India have now been inscribed on UNESCO's Representative List.

National Helpline Against Atrocities on SCs/STs

Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Dr. Virendra Kumar has launched a National Helpline Against. Atrocities (NHAA) on SCS/STs on December 13, 2021.

The Helpline is now available round the clock on toll-free number '14566' across the country in Hindi, English and regional language of the State/UTS.

Kashi Vishwanath DHAM Project Inaugurated

PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the first phase of the Kashi Vishwanath Corridor project (Kashi Vishwanath Dham project), in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, on December 13, 2021. The Phase 1 of Shri Kashi Vishwanath Dham has been constructed at a cost of ₹ 339 crore.

Saryu Canal National Project Inaugurated

PM Narendra Modi has inaugurated Saryu Canal National Project in Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh on December 11, 2021.

The project will provide assured water for irrigation to over 14 lakh hectares of land and benefit about 29 lakh farmers in Uttar Pradesh.

Haiderpur Wetland Recognised as Ramsar Site

Uttar Pradesh's Haiderpur wetland has been added to the list of Indian wetlands of international importance on December 9, 2021.

Haiderpur wetland is human-made wetland covering an area of 6908 hectares and was formed in 1984 after the construction of the Madhya Ganga Barrage on the floodplains of Ganga.

NIPER (Amendment) Bill, 2021 Passed

The Parliament on December 10, 2021 passed the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (Amendment) Bill, 2021. The Bill amends the 1998 law to provide for a Council to coordinate activities among the institutes and also ensure development of pharmaceutical education and research standards.

Russian President Visit to India

Russia President Vladimir Putin visited India on December 6, 2021. During the visit, he participated in the 21st India-Russia (Annual) Summit in

New Delhi with his counterpart PM Narendra Modi. Indian PM and Russian President signed 28 agreements in different sectors Includ trade, energy, science and technology, intellectual property, outer space, geological exploration, cultural exchange, and education.

Survey Vessel 'Sandhayak' Launched

'Sandhayak', the first of the four Survey Vessels (Large) project being built for the Indian Navy, was launched in Kolkata on December 5, 2021. These vessels have been designed and developed by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) Limited, which is among the leading warship building companies in India.

Parliament Passed Dam Safety Bill, 2019

The Parliament on December 2, 2021 cleared the Dam Safety Bill, 2019 for surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of all specified dams across the country. The Bill seeks to prevent dam failure, related disasters and provide for institutional mechanism to ensure their safe functioning.

India's First Virtual Science Lab for Children

Union Minister of Science and Technology, Dr. Jitendra Singh launched India's first Virtual Science Lab for Children on November 22, 2021. The new virtual science lab facility has been developed by CSIR in partnership with IIT Bombay under the CSIR Jigyasa programme, which facilitates classroom learning with laboratory research for school students.

Bharat Gaurav Theme-Based Circuit Trains Launched

Union Minister of Railways Ashwini Vaishnaw on November 23, 2021 announced the introduction of 'Bharat Gaurav Trains', the theme-based tourist circuit trains to boost tourism in India.

Bharat Gaurav Trains can be operated by private operators and the Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC).

PM Modi Laid Foundation of Noida International Airport

Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of 'Noida International Airport (NIA)' at Jewar (Gautam Budh Nagar) on November 25, 2021.

The airport will be the second international airport to come up in Delhi NCR. Uttar Pradesh to become the only state in India to have five international airports. It will be India's first net zero emissions airport.

Three Farm Bills Repealed

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his address to the nation on November 19, 2021 announced the repeal of all three farms laws.

According to PM Modi, these three lawswere for the benefit of the farmers, but despite best efforts, the government could not persuade a section of the farmers. The laws will be repealed in the upcoming Winter Session of Parliament.

SMART Policing Index 2021 Released

The Indian Police Foundation (IPF) has released 'IPF Citizen Satisfaction Survey on SMART Policing' Index 2021 on November 18, 2021.

Andhra Pradesh has secured first rank with an overall score of 8.11 out of 10. Telangana Police is on second position with 8.10 points while Assam Police has secured the third position with an overall rating of 7.89.

'Rashtra Raksha Samarpan Parv' Organised

Three day 'Rashtra Raksha Samarpan Parv' was held in Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh) from November 17-19, 2021 as part of 'Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav' celebrations. Prime Minister Modi launched and dedicated a number of schemes in a grand ceremony on November 19, 2021.

India Re-elected to UNESCO Executive Board

India has been re-elected to the Executive Board of UNESCO for the term 2021-25 with 164 votes on November 17, 2021. Apart from India, Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Cook Islands and China have also been

elected in Group IV Asian and Pacific States category. UNESCO Executive Board consists of 58 member-states each with a four-year term of office.

Purvanchal Expressway Inaugurated

PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the Purvanchal Expressway at Karwalkheri in Sultanpur district of Uttar Pradesh on November 16, 2021. The 341 km long Purvanchal Express will connect Lucknow with Ghazipur and has been constructed at an estimated cost of ₹ 22500 crore.

First Audit Diwas Event Held

PM Narendra Modi addressed the first Audit Diwas at CAG office premises on November 16, 2021. On the First Audit Diwas, he also unveiled the statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel at the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) in New Delhi.

Bhopal's Habibganj Railway Station Renamed

The Habibganj railway station in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh has been renamed after 18th-century Gond Queen of Bhopal, Rani Kamlapati on November 13, 2021.

PM Narendra Modi will inaugurate the revamped Rani Kamlapati railway station on November 15, during his visit to Bhopal.

November 15 Declared as 'Janjatiya Gaurav Divas'

The Union Cabinet chaired by the PM Narendra Modi has approved declaration of November 15 as Janjatiya Gaurav Divas on November 10, 2021.

The day will be celebrated every year from now on to recognise the efforts of. the tribals for preservation of cultural heritage and promotion of Indian values of valour, hospitality and national pride.

Srinagar Joined UNESCO CCN

The capital city of Jammu and Kashmir, Srinagar, has been designated as a part of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - Creative Cities Network (UCCN) by UNESCO on November 8, 2021. The Srinagar city has been designated the creative city in the field of Crafts and Folk Arts - only second city in India in this category after Jaipur.

'November 15' Marked as 'Janjatiya Gaurav Divas'

The Union Cabinet on November 10, 2021 approved declaration of '15th November' on 'Janjatiya Gaurav Divas.' 

The day is dedicated to the memory of brave tribal freedom fighters so that coming generations could know about their sacrifices about the country. The date (15th November) is the birth anniversary of Sri Birsa Munda who is revered as Bhagwan by tribal communities across the country.

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